Maryland’s New Cannabis Laws: What You Need to Know

The state of Maryland has recently undergone significant changes in its cannabis legislation. With the passing of the Cannabis Reform Act, effective May 3, 2023, a new era in cannabis regulation and usage has begun. This article aims to provide comprehensive information about the new laws, their implications, and what residents need to be aware of.

Legalization of Adult-Use Cannabis

As of July 1, 2023, adults aged 21 and over are legally permitted to purchase and possess cannabis in Maryland. This groundbreaking development followed Governor Wes Moore’s signing of the bill on May 3, 2023. It’s important for the public to be informed and exercise responsibility and safety in this new legal landscape. For more details on the new law, including consumption and dosage guidance, visit the Maryland Cannabis Administration FAQ.

Changes in Dispensary Licensing

Existing licensed dispensaries in Maryland now have the option to convert their licenses for dual medical and adult-use sales. This conversion process involves a fee and is a part of the state’s strategy to create a legal adult-use marketplace. Additionally, the state is initiating outreach for the next round of licensing, which will focus exclusively on social equity applicants. For more information, visit the Adult-Use Cannabis Implementation page.

Regulatory and Taxation Changes

The new legislation brings changes to the regulatory framework. It renames the Alcohol and Tobacco Commission to include Cannabis, thus becoming the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Cannabis Commission. This change establishes the Maryland Cannabis Administration as an independent unit of state government. The law also imposes a 9% sales and use tax on the sale of adult-use cannabis, aligning it with the tax rate for alcoholic beverages. For more details, refer to the HB0001 Legislation page.

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Police Enforcement and Legal Protections

With the legalization of adult-use cannabis, there are changes in police enforcement and legal protections for users. Adults 21 years and older are now allowed to use and possess cannabis, with specific limitations. For more detailed information on Maryland state cannabis law and its enforcement, visit the Howard County website.



Maryland’s transition to legal adult-use cannabis marks a significant shift in state policy. It is essential for residents to stay informed about these changes and understand how they impact purchasing, possession, and usage of cannabis. The state provides various resources and information to help guide citizens safely and responsibly through this new legal landscape.

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