Marijuana, also known as cannabis, weed, pot, or dope, refers to the dried flowers, leaves, stems, and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. This plant contains over 100 compounds, or cannabinoids, with the most notable being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which has impairing effects, and cannabidiol (CBD), which is non-impairing. Marijuana is typically a dry, shredded green/brown mix that may resemble tobacco in appearance.
The use and distribution of marijuana have been prohibited under federal law in the United States since 1937. However, over the past fifty years, states have been exploring various marijuana liberalization policies. Decriminalization began in the 1970s, followed by the adoption of medical access laws in the 1990s, and more recent trends towards legalization. Despite this, federal law still classifies marijuana as a Schedule I substance under the Controlled Substances Act, a category reserved for substances considered highly dangerous, similar to heroin.
Marijuana can be consumed in several ways, including smoking in joints, blunts, or bongs, or it can be infused into foods and drinks, known as edibles. The effects of marijuana on mental state are primarily due to THC. Medical marijuana, legalized in several U.S. states, has shown significant health implications. Following legalization, there have been increases in cardiac mortality rates, but also notable reductions in opioid prescribing, especially in areas with legal cannabis dispensaries.
Regarding international travel, it’s important to note that marijuana and certain cannabis-infused products, including some CBD oil, remain illegal under federal law, except for products containing no more than 0.3 percent THC on a dry weight basis or approved by the FDA. This includes regulations under the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018. TSA officers are required to report any suspected violations of law. For more details, visit the Aruba International Travel Information.
For additional information on medical marijuana, visit the Transportation Security Administration. To understand the federal status of marijuana, you can refer to the DEA.gov Drug Fact Sheet. For health-related facts and FAQs, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health provide comprehensive information.