What Are the Legal and Health Implications of Cannabis Use in the U.S.?

Cannabis sativa L. is a plant that hosts over 80 cannabinoids, with Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) being the most prominent. The FDA is involved in the research and drug approval process regarding these substances. The legal status of cannabis varies, with certain states having medical (MML) and recreational marijuana laws (RML), which has influenced public perception and use prevalence. The DEA classifies drugs into schedules, and cannabis often falls into Schedule I, indicating a high potential for abuse. The U.S. Department of Transportation maintains that despite some state laws, federal laws still prohibit certain cannabis-related activities, like driving under the influence, with THC levels above 5 nanograms per milliliter of blood being illegal. The Federal Aviation Administration warns against transporting marijuana on aircraft, adhering to federal regulations regardless of state laws.

Public consumption of cannabis is illegal, and it cannot be taken across state lines, as per the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board. Furthermore, the Justice Department emphasizes adherence to the Controlled Substances Act, which prohibits cultivation, distribution, and possession of marijuana. Health-wise, the CDC advises that marijuana use can lead to adverse health outcomes, regardless of its legal status for medical or nonmedical use in some states.

What Are the Legal and Health Implications of Cannabis Use in the U.S.?

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